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時間:2022-08-17 來源:本站 點擊:258次
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China's central bank urges proper data usage, stronger personal data protection******

BEIJING, Nov. 3 (Xinhua) -- China's central bank governor Yi Gang on Wednesday called for the promotion of fairer data use on the premise of protecting personal data.。

Addressing Hong Kong FinTech Week 2021 via video, Yi said the issue of personal data protection has come to the fore amid the rapid development of fintech.。

Some big tech firms have either collected data without permission or misused it, and there are also cases of customer data leakage, Yi said. "It is urgent that we strengthen personal data protection."

The governor said personal data protection is high on the agenda of the People's Bank of China (PBOC). Since 2005, the PBOC has introduced data protection regulations in the areas of anti-money laundering, consumer protection and credit information.。

The PBOC has recently focused on cracking down on the excessive collection of consumer data, urging financial institutions to collect, use and store information for legitimate purposes and in strict accordance with the principles of lawfulness and minimum necessity, according to Yi.。

He also said that international coordination in fields such as anti-trust, data and consumer protection should be enhanced, calling for "joined hands" to set standards for personal data protection.。

"Going forward, we will continue to improve the legal framework for personal data protection in the financial sector, and strengthen regulations accordingly," Yi said. Enditem。

Saudi Arabia edges Vietnam in FIFA World Cup qualifier******

HANOI, Nov. 16 (Xinhua) -- Saudi Arabia won 1-0 in Vietnam on Tuesday in their 2022 FIFA World Cup Asian qualifier in Hanoi.。

Saleh Al-Shehri scored the game's only goal with a looping header in the 31st minute after receiving a cross from the right flank. Home keeper Bui Tan Truong tried his best to claw the ball out but to no avail.。

Saudi Arabia thought they had netted a second goal in the 76th minute as Fahad Al-Muwallad fired home after Nguyen Thanh Chung was robbed of possession, but the goal was chalked off for a foul.。

Both teams made several substitutions in the second half, and a total of seven yellow cards were shown, with five going to Vietnam and two to Saudi Arabia.。

After six games in the final round of the Asian qualifiers, Saudi Arabia leads Group A with 16 points after five wins and one draw, while Vietnam is rooted to the bottom after five defeats. Enditem。

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双语热点:我们为何喜欢听悲伤的歌曲******

我们喜欢这种伤感的音乐并不是理所当然的。悲伤通常是我们试图避免的一种情绪,这种音乐在我们的耳朵里应该是令人沮丧和不愉快的。然而事实上,悲伤的音乐让我们沉浸其中,并使我们振作起来。但是为什么听悲伤的音乐会让我们感觉这么好呢?

Why We Like Sad Songs

On November 19th it came out 30, the new album by Adele. Last month hundreds of millions of people had streamed her first single, Easy on me. This song evokes feelings that are not easy to put into words. But we can perhaps agree that this is a sad song.

阿黛尔的新专辑《30》于11月19日面世了。上个月,数亿人在线收听了她的首发单曲Easy On Me。这首歌唤起了我们难以用语言表达的情感。但我们或许可以同意,这是一首悲伤的歌曲。

It is not a given that we like this kind of music. Sadness is usually a feeling we try to avoid, this kind of music should be depressing and unpleasant to our ears. Instead it attracts us and cheers us up. But why does listening to sad music make us feel so good?

我们喜欢这种伤感的音乐并不是理所当然的。悲伤通常是我们试图避免的一种情绪,这种音乐在我们的耳朵里应该是令人沮丧和不愉快的。然而事实上,悲伤的音乐让我们沉浸其中,并使我们振作起来。但是为什么听悲伤的音乐会让我们感觉这么好呢?

Let’s start with biological theories. When we experience loss firsthand or empathize with the pain of others, our body releases hormones such as prolactin and oxytocin that help us cope with emptiness and pain, because they make us feel calm, comforted and supported.

让我们先从生物学理论开始讲。当我们亲身体验失落或体会到他人的痛苦时,我们的体内会释放催乳素和催产素等激素,帮助我们应对空虚和痛苦,因为它们让我们有平静、被安慰和被支持的感觉。

Perceiving Adele’s pain, or remembering ours, can trigger these chemical reactions within us.

感受到阿黛尔传达的痛苦,或回忆我们自己的痛苦,都可能会导致我们体内发生这种化学变化。

But on this the verdict is not unanimous. According to a study, there is no evidence that sad music causes prolactin levels to rise. Other research, on the other hand, suggests that prolactin and oxytocin help make sad music give us a feeling of well-being.

但在这一点上,观点并不一致。有研究指出,并没有证据表明悲伤的音乐会导致催乳素水平升高。但也有其他研究表明,催乳素和催产素有助于使悲伤的音乐给我们带来幸福感。

The psychology of sad music

悲伤音乐的心理学作用

One of the main reasons we love sad songs is that they “move” us deeply. This experience is sometimes called kama muta, a Sanskrit term that means “moved by love”. Being moved can involve chills, goosebumps, a flood of emotions, heat in the chest and euphoria.

我们喜欢悲伤歌曲的一个关键原因是,它们能深深地“感动”我们。这种体验有时被称为kama muta,这是一个梵文术语,意思是“被爱感动”。人们被歌曲感动时可能会颤栗、起鸡皮疙瘩、情绪泛滥、心口温热和欢欣鼓舞。

But why are we moved? The American writer James Baldwin came to this conclusion: “The things that tormented me most were the very things that united me with all the people who were alive, and all those who had been.” Likewise, commotion can come from suddenly feeling closer to others.

但为什么我们会被感动?美国作家詹姆斯·鲍德温(James Baldwin)认为:“让我最痛苦的事情,恰好也是将我与所有活着的人,以及所有曾经活着的人,联系在一起的事情。”同样,“被感动”可能是因为我们突然感觉与他人更亲近。

This may be why the people most likely to be moved by sad music are also those who have a high level of empathy. Indeed, after listening 30 we could search online for gods reaction video – videos released online showing how people react to TV series, movies, songs – to see how other listeners feel. This allows us to share an emotional experience, and sharing a feeling with a community of people increases the emotion and triggers a sense of belonging and comfort.

这或许可以解释,为什么最容易被悲伤音乐感动的人,正是那些具有高度同理心的人。事实上,当我们听了专辑《30》之后,可能会去看一些“反应视频”(视频中会记录人们对电视剧,电影和歌曲的反应)来了解其他人听过的感受。这让我们与他人分享了这些动情的体验。与一群人分享一种感觉会增加情感并引发归属感和舒适感。

A suggestion somehow related to this reasoning is that Adele’s sad music can function as a friend and act as a social surrogate. Sad music can be an imaginary friend who supports and empathizes with us after a loss.

与这种推理有某种联系的一个建议是,阿黛尔的悲伤音乐可以起到朋友的作用,也可以起到社交的作用。悲伤的音乐可以是一个想象中的朋友,可以在我们情绪失落时提供心理上的支持和同情。

The emotion can also be triggered by the memory of important moments in our life. Adele’s songs are very nostalgic. So in reality it could be nostalgia, and not sadness, the emotion that makes us feel good.

或者,感动也可能源于歌曲触发了我们生命中重要时刻的记忆。阿黛尔的歌曲具有强烈的怀旧感。我们在其中享受的可能是旧日的回忆,而不是悲伤。

In fact, only 25 percent of people who listen to this genre of music say they feel sad. Others experience different emotions, often related, and most of the time nostalgia: a feeling that contributes to the growth of our sense of social connection, to mitigate the feeling that things do not make sense and to reduce anxiety.

事实上,当人们听伤感的音乐时,只有约25%的人真的会感到悲伤。其余人感受到的,通常是相关的各种情绪,最常见的是怀旧。这种怀旧情绪有助于增强我们与社会的联系,消除空虚和焦虑感。

A completely different kind of psychological theory holds that songs like Adele’s are emotional training grounds, safe and controlled spaces where we can explore a simulation of sadness. In short, the emotional equivalent of Neo training with Morpheus in the film Matrix.

还有一种完全不同的心理学理论是,阿黛尔的歌曲相当于“情绪锻炼室”,为我们提供了一个安全、可控的空间,让我们可以在其中体会、探索悲伤的感受。简单说,这就类似于《黑客帝国》电影中尼奥(Neo)与墨菲斯(Morpheus)在练功房的切磋。

Simulated sadness allows us to experience and learn. We can improve our empathy, learn to see things better from the perspective of others, and try to react to sadness, so that we can be a little more prepared when we find ourselves facing a difficult time in our life. These instructive experiences may have evolved to be enjoyable and easier to use.

“情绪健身房”让我们体验悲伤的情绪并从中学习。听歌时,我们产生更多的同理心,学会了从他人的角度更好地看待事物,也尝试对悲伤做出反应。这样当我们面临生活中真正的困难时期时,可以多一点准备。这些具有指导意义的体验可能已经演变为令人愉快且更易于使用的体验。

It is also possible that Adele’s songs are not liked because they are sad or nostalgic, but simply because they are beautiful. Sadness could therefore coincide with beauty. There are those who argue that witnessing virtuous actions or something beautiful can touch us, move us and inspire us.

也有可能阿黛尔的歌不是因为悲伤或怀旧而被喜欢,而仅仅是因为它们很美。因此,悲伤可能与美丽相吻合。有些人认为,看到美的行为或事物可以触动我们、感动我们并激励我们。

And then we can take into consideration the cultural aspect: Adele in her songs talks about difficult experiences and helps us to get over it. That’s exactly what tragic art does: it takes the pain, suffering and sadness of the world and gives them meaning. As the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche said: “Who has a because to live can endure almost any come”.

我们也可以从文化层面思考,阿黛尔在她的歌曲中讲述了艰难的经历并帮助我们克服它。这正是悲剧艺术所实现的价值:它带走了世界的痛苦、苦难和悲伤,并赋予它们意义。正如德国哲学家弗里德里希·尼采 (Friedrich Nietzsche) 所说:“一个人知道自己为什么而活,就能忍受任何生活”。

In short, Adele’s songs can have a different meaning for each of us. We listen to sad music when we want to reflect, feel part of a community or relax. We listen to it to experience beauty, to receive comfort or to abandon ourselves to memories.

总而言之,阿黛尔的歌曲可能对我们每个人都有不同的意义。当我们想要回忆些什么,获得归属感或放松下来时,我们就会听悲伤的音乐。我们感受美,获得安慰,或追忆过去,。

But what Adele’s songs tell everyone is: you are not alone in your pain. They allow us to feel his pain, to share our suffering and to connect with other people from the past and present. And beauty is contained in the sharing of our humanity.

阿黛尔的歌曲告诉我们每个人:你的痛苦并不孤单。我们在歌声中感受到她的痛苦,分享自己的挣扎,与他人过去和现在的悲伤联系在一起,产生共鸣。在人性中,分享的体验永远是美好的。

西安新增2例确诊病例均为密切接触者 活动轨迹公布!******

  10月23日0-24时,西安市新增2例确诊病例,其中1例与已公布的确诊病例10、11为父(母)子关系,1例为确诊病例10的密切接触者。

  现将确诊病例12、13活动轨迹公布如下:

  确诊病例12:为赴外省旅游返回我市人员,10月10日上午至10月17日陪同父母先后在格尔木、茶卡盐湖、水上雅丹景区、大柴旦景区、敦煌、嘉峪关、酒泉、张掖、兰州等地旅游,10月17日同行返回西安。

  确诊病例12返回西安后,10月18日、10月21日两次核酸检测均为阴性,10月22日高陵区中医医院核酸检测结果阳性,10月23日6:45西安市疾控中心复检阳性。

  其在西安活动轨迹如下(和确诊病例10、11基本一致):

  10月17日:

  15:00-18:12,乘坐兰州西-西安北D2664次列车(7车厢)到达西安北客站,期间确诊病例12独自返回某公司西安基地核酸检测;

  18:12-20:11,乘坐地铁14号线(18:35-19:16)到西安咸阳国际机场停车场取车;

  20:11-20:56,乘私家车到高陵泾渭苑门口澄城水盆吃饭,饭后自驾进入小区,回到高陵泾渭苑2区家中。

  10月18日:

  12:30-15:20,乘私家车在泾欣园2区(长安门)接人,乘私家车至顺丰速运(陕汽路店)寄快递,至未央区阿香米线(大融城店)就餐,期间曾在快乐柠檬(大融城店)、好利来(大融城店)购物,恒大帝景楼下腊牛肉店买牛肉,蔚来(萌特力)换电站给车换电;

  15:20-20:20,乘私家车到元朔路长乐东苑B区路口给朋友送东西(父母同行,未下车),此后居家未外出;

  20:20-21:20,乘私家车至未央区凤城医院核酸检测,采样后在地库私家车内停留;

  21:20-23:50,乘私家车至凤城四路德克士(中登店)就餐,期间曾去长庆兴隆园一期东门外公交站附近公厕上厕所;

  23:50-次日00:50,乘私家车至未央区凤城医院取核酸结果后返家(确诊病例12未做核酸,父母核酸检测结果阴性)。

  10月19日:

  凌晨00:50后,居家未外出;

  10月20日:

  10:20-11:00,步行到太和医院(高陵区韩村一路)核酸采样后,步行回家未外出,14:00隔离管控。

  确诊病例13为确诊病例10的密切接触者,在高陵区泾欣园西门对面经营韩品服装店。

  其活动轨迹如下:

  10月18日:

  16:00-20:30,经营服装店期间,确诊病例10在确诊病例13的服装店改裤子。

  20:30,关闭门店驾车返回家中。

  10月 19日:

  7:20-15:33,驾车前往西京医院,分别在医院核医学科、医院大厅、西京医院负一楼、一楼大厅药房一号窗口停留。在西京医院斜对面靠西边鸡汤刀削面、西京医院隔壁江南烧饼店、东方亿象城、西北商贸城等地活动。

  15:33-20:40,驾车返回服装店营业。

  20:40,关闭门店驾车回家,之后未外出。

  10月20日:

  12:50-20:30,驾车前往服装店开始经营。

  20:30,关闭门店驾车返回家中。

  10月21日:

  10:20-14:00,步行前往服装店经营。

  14:00,关闭门店步行返回家中。

  10月22日:

  居家未外出,22:30隔离管控。

  疫情防控机构已分别对2例确诊病例开展了流行病学调查、实验室检测和密切接触者追踪等工作,对其活动过的区域采取封控管控消杀等措施。

  西安市疾控中心提醒广大市民:与我市确诊病例活动轨迹有交集、与全国其他地市公布的确诊病例(无症状感染者)行程一致的市民朋友,以及健康码异常(黄码或红码)的来(返)西安的人员,请立即向所在社区、单位(酒店)报备,主动如实报告行程,积极配合落实各项疫情防控措施。

  请广大市民朋友自觉做好个人健康监测管理,一旦出现发热、干咳、咳痰、咽痛、乏力、腹泻、味觉异常、嗅觉异常等症状,立即报告社区、单位(酒店),自觉落实好个人防护措施,配合核酸检测等相应管控。坚持非必要不出境,非必要不离市,降低疫情传播风险,自觉做到戴口罩、勤洗手、常通风、少走动、少聚集等常态化疫情防控措施。

  文/西安报业全媒体记者 高瑞



来源:西安发布

编辑:张佳萌

李义海:担当企业责任 做好时代答卷

1.日本东京7日新增确诊病例555例,政府呼吁民众保持危机感

2.早秋衣服不用买太多 这“二衫一裙”很实用

3.加州伯克利男篮官推:因场馆屋顶漏水 取消与中国男篮的热身赛

4.解放军台海演习为什么要从4日开始?

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