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陕西2022年上半年英语四六级考试3月22日开始网上报名******

  2022年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试3月22日开始网上报名

  华商报讯 (记者 彭宏 )记者从陕西省教育考试院获悉,陕西2022年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试3月22日开始网上报名,报名分两个阶段进行。四、六级考试笔试时间为6月11日,口试时间为四级5月21日,六级5月22日。如受疫情影响导致不能正常开考,省教育考试院将另行通知。

  CET报考资格为全日制普通高等院校本科、专科在校生,在籍研究生;全日制成人高等院校本科、专科在校生;修完大学英语四级课程的学生可报考CET4;修完大学英语六级课程且CET4达到425分的学生方能报考CET6;非在校生不得报名考试。

  CET—SET报考资格为完成对应级别笔试科目报考的考生,即完成本次CET4笔试报名后可报考CET—SET4,完成本次CET6笔试报名后可报考CET—SET6。

  陕西省考生网报时间为3月22日14∶00至4月7日17∶00,报名工作分两个阶段进行。

  第一阶段时间为3月22日14∶00至3月24日14∶00,此阶段仅限于同时开考笔试和口试的西安交通大学、西北工业大学、西安电子科技大学、西北农林科技大学、长安大学、西安工业大学、西安建筑科技大学七所高校考点报名,且口试仅接受其本校考生报名。

  第二阶段时间为3月24日14∶00至4月7日17∶00,此阶段为全省高校笔试考点报名时间,开考口试的考点对全省考生开放。各口语考点根据设置的机位数量接受报名,报满为止。

  考生自行登录http://cet-bm.neea.edu.cn网址,点击相应栏目进行报名,完成用户注册、查证报名资格、个人信息确认、选择报考科目、网上缴费等报名手续。考生也可以下载、安装“CET”手机APP,同时完成报名及缴费。在校生笔试收费收费标准为每人每次20元;社会考生(包括在校成教学生)笔试收费标准为英语四级每人40元、六级每人45元,小语种四级、六级均为45元。口试收费标准全国统一为每人每次50元。

  成功完成口试报名的考生于5月10日起登录报名系统自行打印准考证。 成功完成笔试报名的考生于6月1日起登录报名系统自行打印准考证。

   


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New vaccine against Omicron variant likely needed: research group CEO******

As the world is facing a "tidal wave" of new Omicron cases, manufacturers will likely have to develop a new generation of vaccines and reconfigure their production facilities, Rasmus Bech Hansen, CEO of Airfinity, a London-based global health intelligence and analytics provider, told Xinhua.。

"It's pretty clear that the world can expect a tidal wave of new infections. How much of that translates into hospitalizations and mortality is still unknown. It seems that it's either milder or the existing levels of protection do give some protection. But just the sheer number of infections is highly concerning," said Hansen during an online interview.。

Possible bottlenecks。

"Many of the large vaccine producers are a little bit split over this. Pfizer has come out and argued that the current vaccines are good enough. Moderna has said we need a new generation of vaccines. Health authorities around the world haven't really come to a conclusion, it's a bit of a wait and see," said Hansen.。

However, Hansen stressed that the need for the development of a new vaccine could trigger fresh production bottlenecks.。

"We basically would have to take all the existing factories and reconfigure those against a new variant. It won't go from zero to 1 billion a month in day one. You'd take 100 days and then scale up the capacity," he said.。

"To put it very bluntly, if we need a new generation of Omicron vaccine, I don't think there's going to be enough vaccines according to our numbers for the world next year," he added.。

Hansen urged the need for more international collaboration and said that China could play a crucial part as a manufacturer of vaccines as well as in COVID-19 treatments.。

"China has played a really important role as a producer of vaccines and has emerged as the world's largest producer. It's fantastic to see the innovation and the vaccine production coming out of China. I think China could play a role in many other areas, in the treatment space, testing, protection of variants, and supporting countries around the world with that," he noted.。

Ramping up production。

Hansen stressed that the continuing challenge for the world is to avoid production and supply disruptions of current vaccination programs.。

"It is remarkable to see the scale of production we've witnessed this year. Currently, the world is producing around a billion vaccines a month. That scaled up from hardly anything at the beginning of the year."

"When we look into 2022, we expect that capacity of 1 billion vaccines monthly to continue and even accelerate a little bit. If we're continuing with the current generation of vaccines, we can reach as much as 23 billion at the end of next year, which basically means that there will be enough vaccines for the world even with booster shots," he said.。

The World Health Organization has warned that the Omicron variant can spread more rapidly than previous variants and could have a major impact on the course of the COVID-19 pandemic.。

"It's still too early days. But if we need a new vaccine, then we're starting all over again. It will take 100 days to reconfigure and then you have to scale up production," Hansen said.。

"Our best-case estimate is then we'll have around half the number of vaccines next year if we need a new generation as all of these production facilities need to be reconfigured," he added.。

Equal distribution。

The executive urged the COVAX, the global initiative aimed at accelerating the development and manufacture of COVID-19 vaccines, to continue to support the fair and equitable access to new vaccines around the world along with international partners.。

Asked about whether production should not rather take place locally to avoid "vaccine nationalism," Hansen said high yielding factories would be more efficient in the manufacturing and distribution process.。

"I think the solution really is to scale up the production capacity. I'm a little bit more skeptical on the initiatives of local vaccine production because when we model that and look at the numbers, it is not going to have a big impact in 2022. It's more like 2023 and 2024. And you know, the pandemic is raging right now," he said.。

Another major problem is the short shelf-life of vaccines, with several countries facing challenges with utilizing all available doses before their expiry date.。

Airfinity has estimated that more than 100 million vaccines are set to expire by the end of the year and would need to be redistributed immediately. Meanwhile, Hansen warned that the roll-out capacity in middle and low-income countries is still lacking.。

"There is a risk that these vaccines get stuck in airports and not get distributed. It's also because the deliveries have been quite uneven. Until we have more regular deliveries from COVAX and others, we are sadly going to see some of these examples of doses going to waste," he warned.。

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美团「3%」背后******摘要

​引言:「网络外卖服务平台」和线下餐饮不是替代关系,定性很重要。

10 月 8 日,市场监管总局依法对美团作出行政处罚决定,责令其停止违法行为,全额退还独家合作保证金 12.89 亿元并处罚其 2020 年中国境内销售额的 3%,计 34.42 亿元。

对此,美团回应:

美团回应被罚|美团公众号


已收到国家市场监督管理总局对美团作出的行政处罚决定。对此,我们诚恳接受,坚决落实,按照《行政处罚决定书》和《行政指导书》全面深入自查整改,杜绝「二选一」。

美团将以此为戒,依法合规经营,自觉维护公平竞争秩序,切实履行社会责任,更好地服从和服务于经济社会发展大局,努力为国家经济高质量发展多做贡献。

美团二选一

今年 4 月,市场监管总局依据《反垄断法》对美团在中国境内网络餐饮外卖平台服务市场滥用市场支配地位行为立案调查。

半年后,调查结果和处罚决定正式出炉。

《决定书》显示,这次处罚主要根据《反垄断法》第四十七条、第四十九条规定,综合考虑美团违法行为的性质、程度和持续时间等因素,依法对美团作出行政处罚决定。

处罚结果包括,责令美团停止违法行为,全额退还独家合作保证金 12.98 亿元,并处以其 2020 年中国境内销售额 1147.48 亿元 3% 的罚款,计 34.42 亿元。

《决定书》写道,自 2018 年以来,美团滥用在中国境内网络餐饮外卖平台服务市场的支配地位,以实施差别费率、拖延商家上线等方式,促使平台内商家与其签订独家合作协议,并通过收取独家合作保证金和数据、算法等技术手段,采取多种惩罚性措施,保障「二选一」行为实施,排除、限制了相关市场竞争,妨碍了市场资源要素自由流动,削弱平台创新动力和发展活力,损害平台内商家和消费者的合法权益。

市监局要求美团加强外卖骑手权益保护|视觉中国

同时,市场监管总局还向美团发出《行政指导书》,要求其完善平台佣金收费机制和算法规则、维护平台内中小餐饮商家合法利益、加强外卖骑手合法权益保护等进行全面整改,并连续三年向市场监管总局提交自查合规报告,确保整改到位,实现规范创新健康持续发展。


「3%」的背后

美团是近半年来第四例实行「3% 处罚」的公司。

将近两周前,9 月 27 日晚,公牛集团发布公告称,收到浙江省市场监督管理局出具的《行政处罚决定书》,因实施垄断协议行为违反反垄断法,公司被处 2020 年度中国境内销售额 3%的罚款,计 2.9481 亿元。

此外,先前还有上海食派士、扬子江药业两家集团被处以相同比例的罚款。

值得关注的是,虽然同因「二选一」违反反垄断法,但是美团的罚金仅为 2020 全年销售额的 3%,即 34.42 亿元;而阿里的罚金则是全年营收的 4%,超过 182 亿元。

由于体量不同,美团罚金的金额必定要比阿里的少,但和此前外媒的 10 亿美元相比,依然少了不少。

至于 1% 的不同比例,或许可在监管的公告中找到一些线索。

市场监管总局的公告显示,美团有主动承认、主动提供证据、主动全面自查整改行为,总局考虑了美团在调查过程中主动提供了执法机关尚未掌握的重要证据、停止「二选一」行为并全面自查整改、积极退还已收取的独家合作保证金等因素,做出上述处理意见。

除了美团积极配合调查等原因之外,这次的判决也显示出了监管对于网络外卖平台相关市场的界定标准。在此次对美团的处罚案例中,市场监管总局分别从平台功能、市场类型、用户群体等角度,分情况分类别对网络外卖平台的市场进行了界定。

公告中,市场监管总局很清晰地写有「美团这类网络外卖平台的相关产品市场为网络餐饮外卖平台服务市场」、「与线下餐饮服务不属于同一相关商品市场」、「两者不具有紧密替代关系」等表述。

这意味着,线上的网络外卖服务平台和线下的餐饮业并非替代关系,两者之间也没有直接的对抗与冲突。

平台经济未来将更完善更合规|视觉中国

美团因反垄断被行政处罚,并不会造成网络外卖平台整体的萎靡,实际上,美团遭遇反垄断打击后,整个网络外卖平台的平台经济将会朝着更完善更合规的方向良性发展。

除了「二选一」,美团还一直因骑手权益问题饱受诟病。市监局在《行政指导书》最后,要求美团加强对骑手权益的保护并连续三年向市监局提交自查报告,也是某种程度上对于网络外卖平台经济持续健康发展的保护。


美团二选一反垄断
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China to raise retail fuel prices******

BEIJING, Oct. 22 (Xinhua) -- China will raise the retail prices of gasoline and diesel from Saturday, the country's top economic planner said Friday.

Based on recent changes in international oil prices, the retail prices of gasoline and diesel will be increased by 300 yuan (about 46.9 U.S. dollars) and 290 yuan per tonne, respectively, according to the National Development and Reform Commission.

Under the current pricing mechanism, if international crude oil prices change by more than 50 yuan per tonne and remain at that level for 10 working days, the prices of refined oil products such as gasoline and diesel in China will be adjusted accordingly.

China's three biggest oil companies, namely China National Petroleum Corporation, China Petrochemical Corporation and China National Offshore Oil Corporation, have been asked to maintain oil production and facilitate transportation to ensure stable supplies. Enditem

第一批国家公园总体规划编制工作推进会在京召开

1.中国科学家利用化学重编程技术为临床血小板短缺提供新途径

2.希腊新增4309例新冠确诊病例 克里特岛一游客感染

3.NBA球员约什-哈特:安东尼-泰勒就是个混蛋

4.乌克兰哈尔科夫:民众躲进地铁站内避难

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